''WHAT TO KNOW ABOUT FIBROIDS''
WHAT ARE FIBROIDS?
Fibroids are lumps or tumors that develop or grow in the wall of the uterus (womb). It is benign and non-cancerous growths in the uterus that can develop during a woman's childbearing years.
TYPES OF FIBROIDS
- Submucosal fibroids: grow into the uterine cavity.
- Intramural fibroids: grow within the wall of the uterus.
- Subserosal fibroids: grow on the outside of the uterus.
- Pedunculated fibroids: grow on stalks that grow out from the surface of the uterus or into the cavity of the uterus. They might look like mushrooms.
The size of fibroids from small, medium, and large are as follows
- Small size (>1cm – 5cm).
- Medium size (>5cm – 10 cm).
- Large size (>10cm + ).
EFFECTS OF FIBROIDS
- Fibroids could cause infertility or pregnancy loss/miscarriage. — especially Submucosal fibroids
- It can interfere with implantation of the ovum.
- It may compress the fallopian tubes, preventing conception.
- It may cause menstrual cycle characterized by varying degrees of menstrual intervals and the absence of ovulation.
- It may cause poor growth of a fetus while in the mother's womb during pregnancy.
- It may cause premature breakage of the amniotic sac before the onset of labor.
- It contributes to retained placenta after birth.
- It causes excessive bleeding following the birth of a baby.
- It causes abnormal labor.
- It causes Cesarean section. ( which is the use of surgery to deliver babies).
- It causes breech baby which occurred when baby is not positioned well for vaginal delivery.
- It causes breaking away of placenta from the wall of the uterus before delivery.
- It causes premature birth or delivery.
- It can put pressure on the bladder, causing frequent urination, or the rectum, causing rectal pressure.
- It can cause the abdomen (stomach area) to enlarge, making a woman look pregnant.
SYMPTOMS OF UTERINE FIBROIDS
- Heavy or prolonged menstrual periods
- Abnormal bleeding between menstrual periods
- Pelvic pain (caused as the tumor presses on pelvic organs)
- Frequent urination
- Lower back pain
- Pain during intercourse/sex
- A firm mass, often located near the middle of the pelvis, which can be felt by the physician
- Menstrual periods lasting more than a week
- Difficulty emptying the bladder
- Complications during pregnancy and labor.
- Enlargement of the lower abdomen
- Reproductive problems, such as infertility, which is very rare
- Heavy bleeding (which can be heavy enough to cause anemia) or painful periods
- Feeling of fullness in the pelvic area (lower stomach area)
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